|Follicular Monitoring Ultrasound
In many instances, having regular menstrual periods is a reliable sign that regular ovulation occurs. Sometimes, through, ovulation may be premature, incomplete, or altogether absent, despite apparent temperature elevations, positive ovulation predictor kits, changes in vaginal secretions, or mid-cycle cramping.
In these instances, a poorly formed follicle may not release an egg; or may do so but at the wrong time, so when the egg which is released, it is incapable of being fertilized.
The purpose of ovulation and follicle monitoring is to uncover such types of disorders, since these disorders are highly treatable, usually with simple medications.
How is it done?
The probe sends out sound waves, which reflect off body structures. A computer receives these waves and uses them to create a picture.
- You will lie down on a table with your knees bent. Your feet may be held in stirrups.
- You will be given a probe, called a transducer, to place into the vagina. The probe is covered with a condom and a gel.
The test is usually painless, although some women may have mild discomfort from the pressure of the probe. Only a small part of the probe is placed into the vagina.
Ultrasound also provides valuable information about the following aspects of the reproductive process:
- Thickness of the endometrial stripe (the lining of the uterus). Eight to 10 mm is optimal.
- The successful rupture of the follicle and the formation of a corpus luteum, which produces progesterone.
- The presence of fibroids and polyps within the uterus that may alter the blood supply to the endometrium and hence an implanting pregnancy.
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